Ginger Emery, a graduate student from the University of Chicago began with a detailed examination of a column of mudbrick found on the exposed exterior face of the relatively well-preserved portion of the town wall located on the eastern side of the southern end of the tell.  She studied the bricks and mortar in the column, took and evaluated small samples of both types of material, and developed a form for recording all subsequent observations and analyses.


Locating stamps requires a careful examination of each brick in the wall.

In conjunction with this focused examination of the bricks and mortar of one particular area, she and Dr. Morgenstein searched for stamped mudbricks along the entire length of the preserved town wall. They discovered additional mudbricks bearing the stamps of both Pinudjem I and Menkheperre along the eastern and northern boundaries of the tell, thereby confirming the earlier published reports of the existence of stamped bricks at the north end of the site as well as establishing the probable extent of the town wall during the Third Intermediate Period.  These stamped bricks, found mostly in locally disturbed contexts, were also recorded and sampled using the same techniques and recording forms as those used for the in situ mudbrick column at the southern end of the tell.


Dr. Morgenstein and Ms. Emery searching through thousands of mudbricks.

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